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Antarctica

The White Content

The Origin

Antarctica is an ecological wonder that has bewitched explorers, scientists and voyagers alike for two centuries.

This fascinating territory contains more than 90% of the earth’s land ice, which transforms it into the largest fresh water reserve on earth. Among the main species that make up marine Antarctic fauna are whales, seals, penguins as well as a variety of sea birds.

Your adventure to the seventh continent will allow you to meet these incredible creatures while enjoying the indelible scenery of mountainous glaciers and roaming icebergs.

Antarctica’s matchless beauty and extreme climate conditions make this one of the most exotic destinations in the world.

Climate

It has the coldest and harshest climate in the world. Average temperatures in the interior of Antarctica vary between -70°C and -40°C during the coldest month of August, and between -15°C and -45°C in the warmest month of February. Coastal temperatures are higher, from -32°C to -15°C in winter, and between -5°C and 5°C in summer months, these being the highest temperatures registered in the Antarctic Peninsula.

Geography

Antarctica is located in the entire area south of the 60th parallel. Its surface spans a bit more than 14,000,000 km². Its diameter is close to 4,000 km. It is divided into two sectors: Major or Eastern Antarctica, the widest and oldest, and Minor or Western Antarctica. A recent formation characterized by its curved tail which points north like a serpent and is known as the Antarctic Peninsula. It has two seas of its own: the Weddell and Ross Seas, with their corresponding bays. More than 90% of its territory is covered by ice. It is the highest of all the continents, with an average altitude of 2,250 m and peaks that frequently reach above 3,000 m. Antarctica is also an important factory of winds: its system rules the climate of the entire planet, especially in the Southern Hemisphere.

Discovery

The existence of Antarctica was surmised by the Greeks in 400 B.C. like a large mass of earth located south, opposite the one known to exist in the north. After many centuries of adventure and expeditions, the first inroads in Antarctic waters were done in 1675 by the English merchant seaman Anthony de la Roche. Other adventurers gave shape to the map of Antarctica, which now bears their names in their memory.

Antarctica Wildlife

Sites of Interest